What is Internet of Things (IoT)?
The Internet of Things is simply a network of Internet that interconnects objects that are capable of collecting and exchanging data.
There are 2 main parts of IOT :-
Internet:- It is the basis of connectivity.
Things: – Objects or devices come under this.
The objects involved identify the data and forward it via the Internet.
Or the data is easily available to the next items and accordingly further work is done.
It increases the efficiency of different tasks, which saves time and money
For example, if we understand that by connecting to a mobile, we can control AC from anywhere, just this thing is called internet-of-things.
Now all of you must have got an idea that after all what is this Internet of things.
How does IoT work?
After understanding the Internet of things, the next task comes to know how this Internet of things works.
Smartphones play a big role in IoT, as many IoT devices can be controlled through an app on a smartphone.
You can use your smartphone to communicate with your smart thermostat or heater,
For example, By the time you get home from work, you can remotely control it to set the right temperature for you.
This can eliminate unnecessary heating or cooling while you’re away, potentially saving you money on energy costs.
IoT and Machine Learning:-
IoT devices consist of sensors and mini-computer processors that act on the data collected by the sensors through machine learning.
Essentially, IoT devices are mini computers, connected to the Internet, and vulnerable to malware and hacking.
Machine learning is when computers learn in the same way as humans – by collecting data from their surroundings – and this is what makes IoT devices smart.
This data can help the machine learn your preferences and work itself accordingly.
Machine learning is a type of artificial intelligence that helps computers learn without being programmed by anyone.
That doesn’t mean your smart speaker will discuss the main points of last night’s big game with you.
That’s means it is not that your smart phone will talk to you as you do to yourself.
But your connected refrigerator can send you an alert on your smartphone that you’re short of eggs and milk because it knows you’re near the supermarket.
Perhaps now if someone asks you what is the Internet of things, then you can give us a good answer and explain.
Who coined this term Internet of Things?
This is not science fiction.
We live a life connected by internet-enabled devices that learn our preferences and provide experiences to make our lives more convenient.
It all started in the early 1980s when students at Carnegie Mellon University developed the first Internet-connected device.
It was a coke vending machine that told programmers whether the soda was cold enough that you had to get up from your desk to go to the machine to get soda.
If seen, this is the only technique invented by Alsio.
Since then, the concept and use of IoT has accelerated a lot.
Now whenever someone would ask what is the Internet of things, then to say that this is a technology invented by Alsio, he wanted to sit and see whether the soda is cold or not so that there is no effort to get up and go.
Internet of Things – Example
After knowing the Internet of things kya hai, many people must be thinking that after all, where do we see examples of Internet of things in our everyday life.
So let’s know such places where internet and things are being used.
1. Smart Home
With IoT being talked about, ‘Smart Home’ is the most searched IoT related feature on Google.
But, what is a smart home?
Wouldn’t it be nicer if you could turn on the air conditioning before you get home or turn off the lights even after you leave the house?
Wouldn’t it be nice if you could open the door with your smartphone even after speaking or away from the main gate?
How good it sounds to hear all this, so when it actually happens, how much more convenient it will be.
Don’t be surprised when the companies shaping IoT are building products to make your life simpler and more convenient.
The cost of owning a home is one of the biggest expenses of a landlord’s life.
Smart home companies such as Nest, Ecobee, Ring and August, to name a few, will become household brands and are planning to deliver a never-before-seen experience.
There has been a tremendous jump in the demand for wearables in the markets across the world.
Companies like Google, Samsung have invested heavily in making such devices.
But, how do they work?
Wearable devices are installed with sensors and software that collect data and information about users.
This data is later used to extract necessary information about the user.
These devices broadly cater to fitness, health and recreational needs.
Wearables from the Internet of Things must be highly energy efficient or ultra-low power and small in size.
3. Connected Cars
Industry impact: Airbiquity users can choose to notify family or friends automatically and immediately in the event of an accident.
How It’s Using IoT: Dash’s free app for iOS and Android draws data from a variety of sensors to keep you informed about your car’s current status and immediate or future maintenance needs.